• Poetry Samples
     
    Our teachers seek opportunities for students to express their learning through poetry in all subject areas and in all grade levels. To complete such a task, a student must be able to explain the content and express it in a certain number of syllables or with words that rhyme depending on the poetic form.  This is a high level task as the student must have enough understanding of the content to be able to express it in the specified manner.

     

    Acrostic Poems

     

    In an acrostic poem, the first letters in each line combine to vertically spell the topic word.

     

                                     Sweet dreams
                                                         Lights out
                                                         Everyone dozes
                                                         Excellent pillow
                                                         Please don't snore!

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    Bio-Poems

     

    These poems describe a real person or fictional character following the given form. 

     

                                                      Line 1: First name
                                                                Line 2: 4 descriptive words that describe the person
                                                                Line 3: Brother (or sister, husband, daughter, etc. ) of...
                                                                Line 4: Who loves...

                                                                Line 5: Who feels...
                                                                Line 6: Who needs...
                                                                Line 7: Who gives...
                                                                Line 8: Who fears...
                                                                Line 9: Who would like to see...
                                                                Line 10: Who shares...
                                                                Line 11: Who is...
                                                                Line 12: Who is a resident of...
                                                                Line 13: Last name

     

    Example:

     

    Bio-Poem of George Washington
    anonymous

     

    George

    Loyal, strong, brave, wise

    Husband of Martha

    Cares deeply about his soldiers

    Who feels responsible

    Who needs supplies

    Who gives leadership

    Who fears British rule

    Who would like to see a free country

    Resident of Virginia

    Washington
     

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    Cinquain

     

    A cinquain (pronounced SEEN-cane) is a five-line unrhymed poem following the format below.

     

    Line One: One noun that introduces the poem’s subject.

    Line Two: Two adjectives that describe the subject.

    Line Three: Three verbs related to the subject.

    Line Four: Four-word phrase describing the subject or telling feelings of the writer

    Line Five: One noun (different from line one) that sums up the

    previous four lines.

     

    Example:

     

     

    flowers

    delicate, fragrant

    budding, growing, blooming

    making our world colorful

    beauty

      

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    Clerihew

     

    A clerihew is a four lined rhyming poem about a real or fictional person.  The first line ends in the person’s name.  The second line rhymes with the name. The third and fourth lines rhyme with each other.  There are no specific syllables needed.

     

    Example:

     

    A famous man is Washington, George

    He commanded the troops at Valley Forge.

    People wanted him to be the king, our first,

    But he knew aan American king would be the worst!

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    Diamante

     

    Diamante poems have seven lines and compare two opposing ideas.  The top half of the poem describes one idea following a specific pattern.  In the middle of the poem the words begin to describe the other idea.

     

    *Choose two words (first word and last word) that are opposites

    Line 1 - first word

    Line 2 – two adjectives which describe the first word

    Line 3 – three verbs ending with –ing that describe the first word

    Line 4 – two synonyms for the first word / two antonyms for the first word

    Line 5 - three verbs ending with –ing that describe the last word

    Line 6 - two adjectives which describe the last word

    Line 7 – last word

     

     

    Example:

    Wet
    Damp, moist
    Dripping, misting, raining
    Pond, puddle/ plain, desert
    Baking, withering, cracking
    Hard, brittle
    Dry
     

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    Found Poems

     

    A found poem is created from the words of another author.  Any piece of writing can be used: a novel, an advertisement, an instruction manual, a letter, billboards, etc.  Choose phrases from within the text to highlight.  Reassemble those phrases to create a rhythm that is appealing. 

     

    http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson835/StudentWritingPage.pdf

     

     

    Example:

     

    As soon as you remember

    Common symptoms include

    Weigh the risks and benefits

    For the long-term

    See the end of this leaflet

    Exactly as prescribed

    For more information

    Discuss it with him or her
     

    A content specific variation of “found” poetry is to provide student with a list of content specific words and require a certain number to be included in the poem.

     

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    Free Verse Poems

     

    A free verse or free form poem does not follow any specific pattern of rhyme or rhythm.  Instead, it focuses on using description to convey a mood or feeling.

     

    Example:

     

    Beach

     

    Sand
    Waves
    Building castles
    Collecting seashells
    Surf boards
    Bathing suits
    Vacation
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    Haiku

     

    A haiku is a three line unrhymed poem which follows a specific pattern of syllables.  The first and third lines each contain exactly five syllables.  The second line contains seven syllables.

     

    Example:

     

    The school year is new

    Many opportunities

    We will all succeed

     

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    Limerick

     

    A limerick is a funny poem with five lines.  Within the lines there is a specific pattern of rhyming words and rhythm.  The last words in the first, second, and fifth lines all rhyme.  The last words in the third and fourth lines rhyme with each other (AABBA).  The rhythm of the first, second, and fifth lines follows the following pattern: da DUM da da DUM da da DUM.  The rhythm of the third and fourth lines follows a slightly different pattern: da DUM da da DUM.

     

    Example:

     

    There was a young boy from York,

    Who loved to eat all kinds of pork.

    He liked bacon and ham,

    Sausage with yams,

    He'd be happy if he just had a fork!
     

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    Tanka

     

    A tanka is an unrhymed poem of five lines.  The lines each have a specific syllable count.  The first and third lines each have five syllables.  The second, fourth, and fifth lines each have seven syllables. 

     

    Example:

     

    The beach in summer

    Hot sun, warm breeze, ocean waves

    Colored umbrellas

    Children playing in the sand

    Vacation time is the best!
     
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    Terquain
     
    A terquain is an unrhymed three line poem. Each line states something about the subject. There are no rhymes or syllable patterns. Line one is the one word that is the subject of the poem.  Line two contains three words that describe the subject.  Line three contains one final word which states a feeling about the subject or a synonym for the subject.  
          
    Example:                                      

    Pool

    Swimming, splashing, diving
    Refresh